Fresh Face of Reporters Without Borders (RSF): Today is the third time "World Day Against Internet Censorship" - and ROG has published fits to the current report on "Enemies of the Internet". This is documented, as in some states with massive online monitoring freedom of expression is suppressed. ROG is one of twelve states to the enemies of the internet, 14 more are "under observation":
- North Korea
- Saudi Arabia
Online content will be heavily filtered state in these countries, spied on critical bloggers and online journalists and pressurized. Numerically, the list of "Enemies of the Internet" in comparison to the previous year is largely unchanged, the censorship pressure in individual countries has risen again. Especially Iran and China, the Internet monitoring in the past year have intensified, according to Reporters Without Borders. In China, the regime of practice of massive pressure on private Internet companies in order to assist it in this censorship. Iran has announced its own "national Internet".
Both in Iran and in Vietnam many online activists have been arrested in the past year. Iran currently be sitting 20 in Vietnam 18 of them in prison. Iran also support the regime in Syria in control of the Internet, there were reports about the bloody crackdown on the opposition suppressed.
There are, Reporters Without Borders, "but also signs of hope: In Burma, the military, journalists and blogger freed and released blocked websites. Laws concerning the monitoring of the Internet, however, are still in force and the technical possibilities still exist to control. " ROG will observe whether Burmese government continues the ongoing reforms. This could mean that the country will soon no longer belongs to the "enemies of the Internet".
Countries under surveillance
Fourteen states in the current report provides ROG "under observation": this includes just like last year in Australia, Egypt, Eritrea, France, Malaysia, Russia, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. Were added in this year, India and Kazakhstan. The popular tourist destination of Thailand run this country in grave danger of soon belong to the "enemies of the Internet", "should there continue to be heavily censored online content and net activists arrested for insulting the authorities".
Venezuela and Libya, however, not any longer on the list of "countries under surveillance" in Libya went with the fall of Muammar Gaddafi to end an era of censorship. A law of 2011 in Venezuela, which would result in a threat to Internet freedom may constitute've hardly had negative consequences in practice so far. Access to the Internet is largely free.
Even in countries that not mentioned the report that the Internet is often not completely free to use. ROG watch "in particular the situation in Azerbaijan, Morocco, Pakistan and Tajikistan very closely."
And in Germany?
Netzpolitik.org points out that not all is well in Germany already in order, "because here there is censorship, repeatedly proposed repressive laws, disturbing surveillance measures and their export." The introduction of blocking had been averted in Germany so far. In principle, it could also come with us to states such as France, where government Internet censorship and restrictions on access for users are already common. ROG leads France for two years as the only EU Member State on the list of "countries under observation."