On 30 January 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor. Today, this fatal event marks the 80th time in the Bundestag Chancellor Angela Merkel has therefore reminded that democracy must be defended always new at a memorial service on the Holocaust: "A vibrant company with a human face needs people who respect and respect for each other, responsibility for themselves and others assume that courageously and openly take a stand -., and thus are willing to take criticism and headwinds in buying "
In Germany there are brown zones
Second, such an attitude throughout the country, especially in those areas where extremists to gain political influence. 80 years after Hitler's appointment unfortunately it is one of the facts: In Germany, there are municipalities and regions in which right is not a marginal phenomenon. Der Spiegel has this recently in a data card with the title "brown zone" (as of 2012) aufgeschlüssselt hair small for the East German states.
The map can be seen that the NPD has received more than selector considerable popularity in recent state elections in each case, especially in Thuringia, Saxony and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Occasionally reached the NPD in these three states share of the vote of more than 30 percent. Extreme right-wing, the SPIEGEL not enjoying it in some areas, "the status of a national party."
Special responsibility for regional newspapers
Why this is so, will monocausally certainly not be answered, and certainly not in a short blog post. But if it is true that independent newspapers are essential for a democratic polity instances (of which I am very confident), then comes the newspapers in the so-called "brown zones" a special responsibility. It is in the three most affected provinces supported by 19 regional dailies that are essentially owned by only five media houses (German printing and publishing company, WAD, Schleswig-Holsteinischer newspaper publisher, West German media holding [SWMH] and WAZ):
In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the Ostsee-Zeitung (Madsack/73 per cent), the People's Daily Schwerin (Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag/100 cent; own research), North German Latest News (Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag/100 cent; own research) and the North messenger / courier Uckermark (Augsburger Allgemeine, Kieler Nachrichten [Madsack/49 cent], Swabian Newspaper / 33.3 per cent respectively).
In Saxony there are the Free Press (Media Union [SWMH] / 100 per cent), Saxon newspaper (German Printing and Publishing Company Ltd., Hamburg/40 per cent), the Dobelner Gazette (German printing and publishing company mbh/40 per cent), The Leipzig People's Daily (Madsack/100 per cent), the Torgau newspaper (Madsack/24, 9 per cent), Dresdner Latest News (Madsack/100 per cent), Dresdner Morgenpost (Gruner + Jahr/60 per cent) and the Serbske Nowiny.
In Thuringia it is the Thüringer Allgemeine (WAZ/50 & Mitarbeiter/50 per cent), the East Thuringian newspaper (WAZ/60 per cent), the Free Word (Süddeutsche Verlag [SWMH] / 70 per cent, German printing and publishing company mbh/30 cent ), the Meininger Tageblatt (media group Oberfranken/50 cent, Süddeutsche Verlag [SWMH] / ~ 50 per cent), the South Thuringia Newspaper (Süddeutsche Verlag [SWMH] / 70 per cent, German printing and publishing company mbh/30 per cent) and the Thuringian newspaper (WAZ/100 per cent).
(Sources: contactor, Walter J.: Editorial and publishing structure of the German daily press in: Media Perspectives, No. 11/2012, pp. 594-603; Roeper, Horst. Newspaper market in 2012 In: Media Perspectives, No. 5 /. , 2012, pp. 268-285; "newspapers with full editorial," poster distribution areas of journalist and Formatt Institute (Stand: 12/2010), in brackets: owner [if parent group] / direct share in per cent).
As it is with these regional newspapers in detail and will work under what conditions editorial, a comprehensive research would be worth it. From the state, of course, can not make this more substantial statements that forbids it. Colleagues but in the morning perhaps involuntarily at the bakery counter the neo-Nazis, and still maintain a critical attitude, in any case deserves the highest respect even from afar. Especially since some of the newspapers listed for some time are under massive pressure to save money.
Local journalism under pressure to save money
Verdi, DJV and DJU in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, for example, complain long been a thinning of staff in a number of publishers and therefore keep on the development of the Baltic Sea on a continuous basis - on their joint website , "Our country needs its newspapers".
If so, what the trade union organizations report then it is at the local journalism in the northeast, to put it mildly, in some places not just the best: The Nordkurier example, has from the border region of Poland between Prenzlau Pasewalk, Pomerania and Anklam last seen retreated further - so exactly where the NPD in this area has their electoral strongholds.
On the other hand, there are also outstandingly positive examples: The Lusatian Rundschau involved in the southeastern Brandenburg for many years as a vote against right - and it has this past fall the "Award for Courage against right-wing extremism, anti-Semitism and racism" of the Sponsorship "monument to the Murdered Jews of Europe "and the Jewish Community of Berlin bestowed get. Nazis in the spring of 2012 had sullied in Spremberg editors with hate slogans and hung carcasses to editors signs.
Thus it is seen by journalists on the spot
As editors assess their situation in East German local teams themselves, it is the way for the Christian bagel TIME last year, absolutely worth reading impressions collected. It's true pondering if it is an editor in the record, "is not our job to be teachers democracy".
Bagel himself stated in his article: "fear of attack would hardly admit a local editor open. One of Mladeks predecessors found in his mailbox the death sentence of a self-proclaimed People's Court. Another journalist was attacked with a stun gun at the door. Pasewalk neo-Nazis showed up even in the offices of the Northern Courier. "
Fits into the picture today because the just released press freedom ranking of Reporters Without Borders: Germany ranks up there in 17th place - also because it was in this country again to register last year, attacks by Islamists and neo-Nazis on journalists.
Video interviews to local journalism in East Germany , produced by local journalists program of the Federal Agency for Civic Education (2010)
MDR.de: Obstruction of works - investigation of Magdeburg People's Voice Chefs